The Africa Community of Practice (AfCoP) has developed these guidelines on Results Based Monitoring and Evaluation (RBM&E) so that it lives up to its mandate and mission of promoting experience sharing and learning among its members. Through the guidelines AfCoP also intends to complement the efforts of development practitioners among AfCoP member countries, who have the task of monitoring and evaluating development activities within their various portfolios. The guidelines also target AfCoP members who are keen on implementing RBM&E but do not know what it is and how to go about it.
Finally, the document presents information on efforts by Kenya’s Public Service in introducing RBM&E in its area of operation.
The guidelines on RBM&E use the Results Chain (depicted) as a point of departure; it is the foundation of Results based Management (RBM), from which the RBM&E is modeled. RBM is an approach that focuses on the achievement of planned goals and objectives to realize results that make a difference among the target group.
The Results Chain is useful as a starting point because it identifies the different stages along the path towards the realization of the results; how these relate to and interact with each other and subsequently how they are monitored and evaluated.
The guidelines on RBM&E are premised on the fact that the public service exists to create a sustainable environment that enables state and non-state players to drive the development agenda of a country. Many (M&E) initiatives are implemented within various projects/programmes; however these have tended to focus more on the after the fact processes of the results chain (also known as traditional M&E rather than on the results. A distinction between the two is provided later on in these guidelines.
The guidelines are based on a ten-step model by Moving From Concept to Action, Asian Experiences on Managing for Development Results (2009), quoting Jusek and Rist, 2004, acclaimed worldwide as essential in the development of RBM&E. (there is no need to reinvent the wheel); however, these need to be customized to the specific contexts, systems and frameworks, including AfCoP countries and the National Chapters.